OPINION: Uganda's new Parish Model, Other Devp't programmes set to move country to 1st World Class

OPINION: Uganda's new Parish Model, Other Devp't programmes set to move country to 1st World Class
Allan Bamuha, The Deputy Resident City Commissioner Fortpotal City North Division
By Allan Bamuha
Uganda has successfully moved extreme miles away from the enclave economy left behind by the British colonialists, an enclave economy is defined as an economic system in which an export based industry dominated by international or non-local capital extracts resources or products from another country
Uganda’s economy  has performed  impressively  over  the  past decades  thanks  to  the  stabilisation  policies  in  the 1990s that  restored macroeconomic stability  and  increased  investor  confidence  in  the  economy, further the economic  growth has expanded  rapidly
By the dawn of 1990s, Uganda’s economy had been completely  decimated almost wiped out, due to decades  of economic  mismanagement  and civil  war during the 1970s and 80s, physical  infrastructure  had completely  been destroyed, agricultural  activity  reverted to subsistence, with the largest share of cash crops such as coffee smuggled to neighbouring countries  such  as  Kenya, DRC etc.  Manufacturing  output  had  also  fallen  significantly by 50 per  cent.
With the expulsion  of the  Asian business class by Iddi Amin regime, and their businesses taken over by less trained politically indoctrinated Ugandans who refused to pay taxes, the tax base totally collapsed
The per capita  income  in the period 1971-1986 declined  by 40 per cent,  exports nearly  disappeared Magendo-Blackmarket became the order of the day,  capital  flight  increased  significantly  (by  1986,  nearly  60 per  cent  of Ugandan  wealth  was held  abroad),  and  state  revenue  collapsed, partly  as the  degree  of informal  economic  activity  increased  dramatically, subsistence  activities  became dominant
However, beginning with 1990, the President Museveni-led NRM government embarked  on an economic  recovery  plan,  primarily  characterised  by the adoption of neo-liberal stabilisation policy programmes.These included the devaluation  of  the  Ugandan  currency,  the  privatisation  of  state  enterprises, the removal of price and exchange rate controls and, most importantly, the introduction  of the Medium-Term Expenditure  Framework (MTEF) that restored  fiscal  discipline.
As  a  result,  inflation  was  significantly  curtailed and  Uganda  restored  macroeconomic  stability  that  laid  the  foundation  for rapid  economic  growth  in  the  subsequent  years. This impressive economic  growth resulted from the recovery of productivity  in the  agricultural, ICT, industrial  and services  sectors
We all recall that Uganda’s economic  recovery  programme  was informed by the dominant neo-liberal  economic policies of the international financial  institutions  (IFIs) notably  the  IMF  and  the  World  Bank which placed the private sector as the central engine of growth
This development paradigm  has been strongly informed  by the consensus at that  time  that  stateled development  generated economic  disasters in developing  countries. This was mainly  because the underlying  political  conditions implied  that those who controlled the state apparatus used it to realise their own personal interests,  subsequently  creating  higher  levels  of  inefficiencies,  unproductive monopolies  and  incompetence,  and  hence  leading  to  fiscal  and  economic crises.
To redress this economic  malaise,  the  World Bank and neo-liberal advocates  argued that  the development  approach had to shift from the state to enabling the market to play the leading role in the allocation  of resources and the organisation of production and distribution of goods and services within the economy
Let us bring our selves to speed-with the onset of the COVID 19 era, economic activities were hit by COVID-19 lockdowns in 2020 and 2021. Growth recovered from a contraction of 1.5% in 2020 to 6.0% in 2021, lifted by household consumption and investment. Agriculture was the least affected sector; industry was supported by strong expansion in mining and construction, while manufacturing remained sluggish. Services are returning to pre-COVID-19 trends, driven by public administration and education. 
Stable prices in 2020 and 2021—with inflation at 2.2% in the latter year—led the central bank to reduce its policy rate from 9% to 6.5% over the two years. Prudent management kept the financial sector stable, with NPLs at 4.8% of gross loans in 2021, that is, under the 5% regulatory threshold. Public health spending increased for COVID-19 vaccines and recovery loans to keep businesses afloat
As global value chains stabilize and consumer demand rises, manufacturing growth is projected to accelerate. The pandemic has propelled expansion in mobile money transactions, which is projected to continue. With increased economic activity, domestic revenue is expected to strengthen, underpinning further fiscal consolidation.
High imports and a muted recovery in tourism will keep the current account deficit wide. External risks emerging from the Russia–Ukraine conflict include inflationary pressures due to higher food and oil prices and continued supply chain disruptions Uganda has come up with the Parish Development Model program drive Uganda to greater heights
The  most  recent  data  from  Uganda  Bureau  of  Statistics  (UBOS)  shows  that  the  economy  grew by  3.3  percent  in  FY2020/21  compared  to  a  revised  growth  of  3.0  percent  in  FY2019/20.  The 3.3  percent  growth  was  driven  by  agriculture  and  industry  output,  which  grew  by  3.5  and  3.4 percent  relative  to  the  respective  growth  rates  of  4.8  percent  and  3.3  percent  in  FY  2019/20. Services  output  grew  by  2.5  percent  in  FY2020/21,  supported  by  growth  in  information  and communication,  and  public  administration  output.
The Parish Development Model is aligned to 5 strategic objectives of the NDPIII; i)   Enhance value addition in Key Growth Opportunities. ii)  Strengthen private sector capacity to drive growth and create jobs. iii) Consolidate & increase stock and quality of Productive Infrastructure. iv) Enhance productivity and wellbeing of Population. v) Strengthen the role of the State in guiding and facilitating development.
The PDM shall encourage market-based approaches that strengthen the value chains, incentivise competition, efficiency, and innovation that will drive down the requirement for Government support over time. 
Local  economic development in Uganda shall be inclusive and shall take a value chain approach ensuring that all value chain actors (including women, youth, smallholder farmers and other agri-MSMEs), can access appropriate services to support their needs. The PDM shall foster stable prices, availability of affordable finance, predictable markets, availability of processing or storage infrastructure, etc.
The PDM  shall  promote balanced growth across different regions and gender. Government shall support vulnerable or marginalisd  groups, persons with disabilities etc
Government will use the PDM to foster good agricultural Practices support flagship commodities in a particular ecological zone that links production, processing and marketing enterprises
Decisions and actions under the PDM will be driven by data, analysis, evaluation, learning and results and ensuring that communities are part of the solutions to local problems in order to buttress the development process for poverty alleviation and improved quality of life. 
The PDM will foster Transparency and accountability and maintaining the highest standards of performance in governance, administration, business processes, financial and human resource management, as well as oversight, thereby providing the best value to the people at the grassroots.
The Author is the Deputy Resident City Commissioner Fortpotal City North Division abamuha@gmail.com